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The Effect of Yarn on Textile Products

Pulished on Aug. 01, 2020

1. Warmth retention

The structural characteristics of the yarn have a certain relationship with the warmth of the clothing because the structure of the yarn determines whether a static air layer can be formed between the fibers. Our company provides crepe gauze fabric.

The yarn structure is fluffy and the fabric has more voids to form an air layer. When there is no wind, there is more still air and better warmth retention. When there is the wind, the air can smoothly pass between the yarns, so the coolness is better.

For tightly structured yarns, the fabric structure woven from it is relatively tight, so the airflow is blocked, and the warmth retention is better; when the structure is too tight, the air trapped in the fabric decreases, that is, the static air decreases, warmth retention is poor.

2. Hygroscopicity

The moisture absorption of yarn depends on fiber characteristics and yarn structure. For example, the filament yarn is smooth and easy to stick to the body when woven into a fabric. If the fabric is tight, it is difficult for moisture to penetrate the fabric. The surface of the short fiber yarn is hairy, which reduces the contact with the skin, improves the air permeability, and makes the wearing comfortable.

Crepe Gauze Fabric

3. The influence of yarn structure on durability

① The tensile strength, elasticity, and abrasion resistance of yarn affect the durability of clothing affected by yarn structure.

②The influence of yarn structure on the pilling performance: After a fiber in the filament yarn is broken, one end is still attached to the yarn, and the broken end is curled by itself and pilling by friction; the blended staple fiber yarn has poor cohesion and easy Prolapse.

③The impact on the elasticity

Staple fiber yarn: apply a certain external force to the staple fiber yarn, the staple fiber is straightened from the crimp, and the external force is canceled, and it can restore its elasticity; and after the staple fiber is straightened, continue to add force to the staple fiber. When the external force is removed, irreversible deformation will occur.

Filament yarn: applying external force to the filament yarn, because it does not crimp itself, the degree of extension depends on the performance of the fiber, so its elasticity is small.

Twist also has a greater impact on elasticity: yarns with large twists have greater friction between fibers, so in the elastic range, they are not easy to be stretched and have relatively poor elasticity; while yarns with small twists have higher friction between fibers. Small, relatively easy to be stretched, and good elasticity.

The above information is provided by the cotton gauze fabric supplier.