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Woven Fabric Construction-Fabric Knowledge

Pulished on May. 08, 2020

Fabric is the material used to make clothes. As one of the three elements of clothing, the fabric can not only interpret the style and characteristics of clothing but also directly influence the color and shape of the clothing.

In the world of clothing, clothing fabrics are multifarious, changing with each passing day. But tell, on the whole, high grade, high-grade fabrics, have to wear most comfortable, absorb sweat breathable, drape and erect, the vision is noble, the touch is gentle the characteristic of a few respects such as the United States.

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Fabric knowledge

To make clothes for formal social occasions, it is advisable to choose pure cotton, pure wool, pure silk, and pure hemp products. With these 4 kinds of pure natural quality material fabrics the clothing that makes, mostly class is taller. Sometimes it is allowed to wear clothes made of pure leather.

(1) Woven Fabric

Also known as woven fabric, the warp and weft threads are woven vertically together to form a fabric. Its basic tissues are plain, twill, and satin weave. Different woven fabrics are also composed of these three basic tissues and their various tissues. There are Chiffon, Oxford, Denim, Twill, Flannel, Damask, etc.

(2) Knitted Fabric

Knitting needles are used to form a coil of yarn or filament, and then the coils are strung into each other. Because of the coil structure characteristics of knitted fabrics, there is a large amount of yarn stored per unit length, so most of them have good elasticity. Knitted fabrics have one side and two sides. It mainly includes Single Jersey, velour, birdies, mersh fishnet, and so on.

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Characteristics of fabrics

Below, make a few simple introductions respectively to the characteristic of common garment fabrics.

1, cotton cloth

Is the general name of all kinds of cotton textiles. Cotton cloth is divided into cotton, rayon, and other varieties. It is used for fashion, casual wear, underwear, and shirts. Its advantage is relaxed and warm, soft and close-fitting, hygroscopic, air permeability is very good. Its disadvantage is easy to shrink, easy to wrinkle, the appearance is not very crisp and beautiful when wearing must often iron.

2, linen

Hemp, flax, ramie, jute, sisal, banana hemp and other hemp plant fiber made of a kind of cloth. It is generally used to make casual wear, workwear, and more common summer wear. It has the advantages of high strength, moisture absorption, heat conduction, and good air permeability. Its disadvantage is that it is not very comfortable to wear, the appearance is more rough, stiff.

3, silk

It is a general term for all kinds of silk fabrics made of silk as raw material. Like cotton cloth, it has many varieties and different personalities. It can be used to make all kinds of clothes, especially for ladies. Its advantage is light, fit, soft, smooth, breathable, colorful, full of luster, noble and elegant, comfortable to wear. It is easy to wrinkle, easy to absorb, not strong enough, fast fading.

4, wool

Also called wool, it is to use all kinds of wool, cashmere is woven into the fabric of the general name. It is usually used to make formal, high-grade clothes such as formal dresses, suits, and coats. Its advantage is wrinkle-proof wear-resisting, soft feel, elegant and crisp, full of elasticity, strong heat retention. Its main drawback is that washing is more difficult, not suitable for making summer clothes.

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5, leather

It is made of animal fur fabric after tanning. It is used to make fashion, winter clothes. It can be divided into two categories again: it is leather, namely the leather that goes through wool treatment. The second is fur, that is, treated leather with leather straps. It has the advantage of being light, warm, and elegant. Its disadvantage is expensive, storage, nursing requirements are higher, so it is not suitable for popularization.

6, chemical fiber

It's short for chemical fiber. It is the use of high polymer compounds as raw materials for the production of fiber textiles. It is usually divided into two categories: artificial fiber and synthetic fiber. Their common advantages are bright colors, soft texture, drape crisp, smooth, and comfortable. Their disadvantage is to wear resistance, heat resistance, hygroscopicity, permeability is poor, heat deformation, easy to produce static electricity. Although it can be used to make all kinds of clothing, the overall grade is not high, difficult to be elegant.

7, blending

Is the natural fiber and chemical fiber in accordance with a certain proportion, the mixture of textile fabrics, can be used to make a variety of clothing? Its advantage is that it not only absorbs the advantages of cotton, hemp, silk, wool, and chemical fiber, but also avoids their disadvantages as much as possible, and is relatively cheap in value, so it is very popular.

8. Modell

Modal (Modal) is a kind of high wet modulus viscose fiber cellulose fiber regeneration, the raw material of the fiber USES European beech wood, first, it will be made into wood pulp, and then through a special spinning process into the fiber. The raw materials are all-natural materials, harmless to the human body, and can be naturally decomposed, harmless to the environment. The characteristic of Modal fiber is to combine the luxury texture of natural fiber and the practicability of synthetic fiber. It has the softness of cotton, the luster of silk, the smoothness of hemp, and its water-absorbing and breathable properties are better than cotton, with a higher dyeing rate, the fabric color is bright and full. Modal fiber can be blended with a variety of fibers, interweave, such as cotton, hemp, silk, etc., in order to improve the quality of these fabrics, so that the fabric can keep soft, smooth, play the characteristics of their own fibers, to achieve better use effect.